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Treasure trove Of Iron Meteorites May Be Hiding Beneath Antarctica’s Ice

Antarcticas ice certainly seems to be hiding a lot. Just recently, scientists discovered the worlds largest valley system, twice the size of the Grand Canyon, beneath the surface of East Antarctica. Now, a new experimental examine in Nature Communications suggests that a hidden cache of iron meteorites may be found no more than half a meter( 1.64 feet) beneath the ice, potentially preserving the recorded history of the formation of our Solar System.

Antarctica is a renowned meteoritecollection site, principally for two reasons. Firstly, meteorites tend to be dark in colouring, which are easy to spot on the pristine, white icy plains of the southernmost continent. Secondly, ancient meteorites that have long been interred beneath the ice are moved towards the surface by upward-flowing ice; this happens when a glacier suddenly slows down, which squeezes out parts of it. This mechanism concentrates meteorites at the surface, often near mountain ranges, in areas known as meteorite stranding zones.

Its not surprising, then, that about 35, 000 meteorite samples, over two-thirds of the worlds total number of collected specimen, have been recovered from Antarctica, which include many lunar and Martian examples. However, as this new examine points out, stony meteorites are observed far more frequently in Antarctica than iron meteorites.

Meteorite samples of both types should be evenly distributed acrossEarth, so the reason for this iron deficit has long amazed scientists. In order to solve this mystery, a squad of researchers from the University of Manchester set up a novel experimentation designed to find out if these iron meteorites might actually be hiding beneath the ice.

The team encased two spherical meteorites, one stony and one iron-rich, in a block of ice within a temperature-controlled chamber, and uncovered them to a lamp that simulated natural Antarctic sunlight.

A meteorite just waiting to be snatched up by an intrepid researcher. Antarctic Search for Meteorites Program/ Katherine Joy

Although both samples were able to heat up enough to melt the surrounding ice to a degree, the iron meteorite sank 1.6 times faster than the stony meteorite. The metallic composition of the iron meteorite meant that it was able to conduct hot more efficiently, allowing it to melt through more ice.

In order to confirm their findings, the researchers applied this model of meteorite heating to Antarcticas Frontier Mountain, a well-known meteorite trap. Their computer simulations calculated that the stony meteorites will almost always appear at the surface, whereas iron variants are likely to remain trapped below the ice. The implication of this finding is that theres a layer of iron meteorites hiding simply underneath the icy surface of Antarctica.

Every one of these iron meteorites could potentially represent the interior structure of a protoplanet that never made it to full-size, Dr. Katherine Joy told IFLScience. This means that, by observing them, we can access the cores of planetary bodies that dont exist anymore.

Every single one see, hence, provides an insight into the creation, evolution, and demolition of some of our Solar System’syoungest rocky objects failed planets or giant asteroids that ultimately broke apart.

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Pullstring launches bot-authoring tools for fun& earning

Pullstring ne ToyTalk today launched its eponymous product out of private beta and into the hands of creatorsof conversational interfaces everywhere. Out of the box, creators can stimulate bots for Facebook Messenger, Slack, Skype, Kik, Telegram and using the companys Web API pretty much every other platform out there.

The companys authoring tools are presented as a desktop software package that will be available for the Mac OS X platform today and for Windows coming soon.

Chatbots for amusement and business

You know youre not talking to a real human Or do you? Screenshot of the Persona Syntheticschatbotthat stole more period of my life than it had any right to. It was worth it.

This weekend, one of the best examples of chatbots weve ensure in so far launched as part of Channel 4s Humans TV show, tells Oren Jacob, CEO at Pullstring. It was going gangbusters, and is ensure a huge amount of engagement.

Eager to check outthe quality of the bot, I dove into the world of Persona Synthetics and am embarrassed to say that the time I was meant to be writing this article, I was instead having an intriguing conversation with a chatbot( try it out, its pretty awesome ). Dont get me wrong, the bot wouldnt pass the Turing test, but trying to do so is a different field of calculating, Jacob claims.

Ive often said that the characters are better defined by the things they cant talking here, rather than what they know about, Jacob complains. He describes the comparison that when youre ordering a pizza from a pizza eatery, you could start talking about hamburgers. A human operator would get exasperated, reminding you theyre a pizza eatery. It constructs sense for a bot to do the same. What happens when a conversation floats off topic is important. With Pullstring, we have created bots with a huge scope. When you are talking with your bank about financial issues, for example, we have to keep the conversation tight and to the point. At the other extreme is our Hello Barbie product, where kids can talk about almost anything.

Rules+ AI= smarter bots

In a very near future, you can talk to your pizza-bot, and have Flirteys dronings delivered the pizzas to your house. What a time to be alive.Flirtey, the droning delivery startup, developed a droning to deliver hot pizzas for Dominos.

The newly launched Pullstring, then, is the situate of tools to help developers and content creators generate compelling bots and conversational interfaces as quickly as possible. Most compellingly, perhaps, is that the interactions are self-learning. By using a combination of simple rules and a machine-learning AI, the bot can have dialogues that are genuine and useful. Not only that, but machine learning going to be able to having context-appropriate conversations.

We worked with Activision Blizzard to help create a bot for Lt. Reyes, one of the characters in Call of Obligation: Infinite Warfare, Jacob tells me in an effort to explain the lengths the technology cango to in order to create an authentic vibe. To get a genuine feel to the conversations, we pointed our AI at a large Call of Duty subreddit. We learned from the language employed there to figure out how the gamers communicate together. As a outcome, the bot speaks in a similar way as the gamers would. We matched the tone and made a very credible experience.

I havent played multiplayer games in a while, but one can only assume that the phrases pwned and various slurs were filtered out of the discourse.It worked great, though: Within the first 24 hours, more than 6 million chats were exchanged over Facebook Messenger, and the fans are eagerly awaiting the games launch in November.

Metrics and smart learning

Humani: Jessies Story is an interactive game based on messaging backward and forward with Jessie, trying to help her get a new boyfriend, a new job and an apartment. A busy day, indeed.

Rules-based dialogues are a great way to push a conversational product live; it is the bare bones of the experience. However, as millions of clients start having dialogues, it becomes possible to learn from these interactions.

Pullstrings platform includes metrics tools to help analyze how the conversational interface is performing. In addition to the obvious components, such as warning the bots creators where in the conversations clients are getting stuck, there are ways of optimizing the conversations toward particular goals or outcomes.

The platforms superpower, however, is that it remains context-aware across longer dialogues, so a conversation youre having with a customer is less likely to disappear into the weeds.

Its not( just) about entertainment

Gaming was an early adopter of Pullstrings tech, including the companys own Facebook Messenger and Skype gameHumani, and a number of games is targeted at younger infants under the companys ToyTalk brand. It would be a mistake to think this is all about amusement, however.

We have the ambition to create human-fidelity dialogues, explains Jacob. We started in amusement, but thats not what this technology is mainly for. Our customersare constructing interactions in health, commerce, and much more.

There is a strong parallel, however: In amusement, character and narrative is the only thing that matters but the same is increasingly important in interactions with commercial and enterprise bots, too. Speaking to computers simply isnt a lot of fun after all, when was the last time pressing 2 for English induced you squeal with pleasure? Constructing conversationsfeel more human and more conversational is a much more natural style to converse.

Conversations are more than he-said-she-said, Jacob tells. Much more. When you listen to a real conversation between two humans, there are a huge number of variables. A conversation is initiated with an intent: Someone wants to accomplish something. The content is important, too, of course. Together, they create a conversation.

In addition to the actual words being said, the company goes deep into linguistics to simulate true dialogues. Most importantly, then, there is the language-level interaction. A real conversation isnt that person A finishes what they say, and person B listens carefully before devoting a considered answer. Its a game of back-and-forth, of exclamations, queries, promptings and suggestions. This is ultimately what Pullstring is trying to help facilitate when you are having a conversation with your pizza parlor, your hairdresser or, potentially, the automated meter-maid that ticketed your auto. Again.

DIY or guided services

With todays launch, Pullstring offers both a DIY solution, where those who seek to writer conversational interfaces can get started, or more managed, agency-style options.

We have tutorials, sample code and sample e-commerce answers, tells Lucas Ives, head of conversation engineering at Pullstring. He says that over the past five years of Pullstring, the company haslearned more about getting computers to pose as human dialogues than anyone else and that it is eager to maximize the knowledge transfer to its clients Theres videos you can watch, a huge library of documentation and our support team is here to help, too.

For larger accounts, the company continues to offer its bureau model, where the companyswriters and content creators can work with in-house squads to make bots.

Pullstrings authoring tools are available to everyone, starting today, and the companyhas an overview of its main features on the site.

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Venezuela on the brink: a journey through a country in crisis

The oil-rich South American nation should be prospering. Instead it stands on the edge of an economic and humanitarian abyss

The proud face of the revolutionary hero Simn Bolvar gazes from a stack of banknotes dumped in a grubby box on the floor of a supermarket that doubles as a foreign exchange bureau in a small border town in the Amazon.

No disrespect is aimed: there is simply not enough space in the till for the thick wads of cash. Nor is it practical to treat the 100 bolivar bills with more care: they are worth barely more than the paper napkins stacked rather more attentively on the shelves.

This, however, is Venezuelas highest denomination, a note that once represented Latin Americas most powerful petro-economy but is now a near valueless emblem for one of the most dramatic reversals in a countrys fortunes.

Notes dumped in a box in international borders supermarket. Photograph: Jonathan Watts for the Guardian

With greater oil reserves than Saudi Arabia, Venezuela should be at least reasonably prosperous. Instead, it has the worlds fastest contracting economy, the second highest murder rate, inflation heading towards 1,000% and shortages of food and medicine that have pushed the poorest members of its 30 million population to the edge of a humanitarian abyss.

To get a snapshot of the fast-changing and sometimes tragically surreal socio-economic landscape, the Guardian travelled 870 miles across the country from the Amazonian border with Brazil to the capital, Caracas.

Santa Elena de Uairen where fund comes in suitcases

For most of its history, the frontier town of Santa Elena de Uairen was considered an underdeveloped outpost deprived by distance of the goods and services available on the coast and the interior. Today, however, it is seen as a relatively safe and prosperous sanctuary from the crime and chaos determined elsewhere. Thanks to the proximity of Brazil, food is not in short supply and there is a brisk border trade in grain.


It takes only five minutes to cross from the porous border at Pacaraima. Locals say the government in Caracas lifted food import tariffs from Brazil two months ago in a sign both of its desperation to ease deficits and its weakening control over the economy. There is now a steady stream of traders buying bags of rice, sugar, wheat and spaghetti for resale in Venezuela.

People here rely on cash because Santa Elena is so far from the rest of the country that communication networks are too unreliable for debit or credit card. That means they probably spend more day and effort counting and carrying fund here than anywhere else.

Life could be made easier if the authorities concerned printed notes with higher denominations than 100 Bolivars, which is worth less than 8p, or 10 pennies. But the central bank appears unwilling to make a move that would corroborate a level of hyperinflation not seen in Latin America since the crisis in Brazil and Argentina in the 1980 s and 1990 s. As a result, locals have to pay for everything in the equivalent of dimes. Even when made of paper, that can be cumbersome and heavy.

A petrol station attendant counts Venezuelan bolivar banknotes. Photograph: Bloomberg/ Getty Images

When I go to the market I have to carry such a big purse of fund that I get a backache, said Carmen Ramirez, a local hotel manager. Her friend Wanda Wojtowitcz, a lawyer, said she went shopping with her cash in a toiletry purse because it would not fit in her handbag. At the bank you insure people with suitcases full of notes to deposit, she tells.

The increasingly secretive central bank does not uncover how much it costs to print each bill, but based on international parameters, Jos Manuel Puente, an economist and professor with the Institute of Higher Administration Studies, estimates that the cost of paper, ink and printing of each note is about 20% more than their face value. They are not worth what they cost. Its a joke. But thats the style the situation is, he said.

Gran Sabana oil is cheaper than water

The governments propensity to subsidise many products below the costs of production is a major reason why the economy is in such a mess. It is a habit formed by petroleum, which warps cost perceptions like a pyschotropic drug.

Historically, abundant furnishes have built Venezuelans regard cheap petrol as a birthright, so for political reasons and despite hyperinflation, collapsing government revenues, world markets and climate change the current price for a litre of high-grade gasoline is simply 6 bolivars( less than a penny or a cent) more than 100 days cheaper than the same volume of mineral water. This meant the gasoline bill for the entire 1,400 km journey was less than a pound or dollar.

When Hugo Chvez came to power in 1999, he took this way of thinking a step further and used petrol dollars to subsidise essential products such as rice, sugar, toilet paper, sanitary towels and medicine.

The 100 bolivar note is the highest denomination. Photograph: Anadolu Agency/ Getty Images

It was an altruistic, populist move that allowed the poor to ultimately share in the nations petroleum wealth. But it also stifled incentives for producers and generated a system of dependency and black-marketing that was already causing economic problems before Chvez died in 2013 and the global crude market collapsed the following year.

His successor, Nicols Maduro, has tried to continue and even extend this policy, despite a 60% fall in crude prices since 2014. Even in the midst of crisis, the government still hands out free or massively discounted homes, automobiles, DVD players and microwave ovens.

Driving through the Gran Sabana region to its gateway San Isidro, also known as Kilometro 88, taxi driver Jos Lopez is conflicted about the consequences. He has benefited personally from these ad hoc policies: his one-year old Chevrolet was given to him on very generous credit terms as part of a government campaign. But even this loyal Chavista tells people are now suffering. Things turned bad towards the end of Chvezs time, and its much worse now under Maduro, he said.

El Tigre fertile fields lie empty

Further north, the road intersects the Orinoco river into the state of Anzotegui, which is home to many of Venezuelas biggest petroleum refineries and aluminium plants. Almost all have been run down. Output at the PDVSA state oil company has fallen by 450,000 barrels per day from its 2014 level of 2.7 m barrels. Given that each barrel is also worth less than half its value two years ago, this has created an enormous hole in the states finances.

Compared to agriculture, however, that is a relatively small decline. On the roadside are miles and miles of empty, fertile land, and relatively few harvests. With prices of many vegetables kept low, there is little incentive for farmers. Between 2012 and 2015, domestic grain production fell by 80%, meat by 40% and vegetables by 18%, according to private sector analysts. Shortfalls were once covered by imports, but the state has to use its remaining petrodollars to service indebtedness.

Private companies are also fighting as a result of the weak bolivar. At the Unicasa Supermercado in El Tigre, there are few both consumers and little assortment. Today there is no rice, sugar, flour, jam, cooking petroleum, toilet paper, condensed milk, vinegar or baby products.

The shelves are full, but with only the same few products. Photograph: Jonathan Watts for the Guardian

Yet the shelves are mostly full, thanks to single rows of the same few products Royal brand paper towels, Zulia beer, Lina sardines, Heinz spaghetti sauce which are repeated in aisle after aisle.

Anselm Surez, who was shopping with his wife, said he was pleased there were more vegetables than usual and plenty of spaghetti for a change, but he sighed when asked about rice. If you can find it, its all Brazilian, which entails it is more expensive, he said. While prices of rice and flour have more than doubled in recent months, he said his salary had increased by merely a fraction. Its get very hard for us.

Alejandro Grisanti, an economist at EcoAnalitica, said the slump in purchasing power was what made this crisis the worst ever seen in Latin America. While Brazil and Argentina suffered appalling hyperinflation in the 1980 s and 1990 s, he said the current situation in Venezuela was harsher because unlike in those two countries wages are not indicator connected, so people are experiencing a devastating collapse in their ability to pay for goods.

As a result, demand is collapsing. In the past year, Grisanti estimates, brew marketings are down by 75% and canned peas and corn by 90%. They have become luxury items. This shows the level of crisis that Venezuela is suffering.

Barcelona the Maduro diet

There is still abundant food if you have foreign currency. But up to a one-quarter of the population does not even earn the minimum wage of 22,500 bolivars( 18) a month. They rely on the subsidised grain, toiletries and medicine provided by the government but there is no longer enough to go around, which leaves many not just hungry but unhealthy.

At the Luis Razetti hospital in Barcelona a city close to the Caribbean coast medical staff are having to cope with growing shortages of basic medications, the re-emergence of long dormant cancers such as diphtheria, and increasing cases of malnutrition.

Calculates say that around a one-quarter of Venezuelan infants are malnourished. Photograph: Ariana Cubillos/ AP

We used to only read about malnutrition in medical books, but now we are seeing instances like those in Africa. Things have become far worse over the past year, said one doctor who asked to remain anonymous.

In the paediatric ward, a three-month old baby named Lus Alberto was being treated after his weight fell from 3.5 kg to 3kg as a result of diarrhoea. His mum was too weak to lactate and we couldnt buy infant formula, so we employed soya milk, said his grandmother Dmela Castellanos. The therapy ought to be simple a drip and regular dinners but the hospital cannot provide either, so the family have to pay for their own stents and hope for donations of food.

Castellanos too has lost weight. Im on the Maduro diet, she giggled grimly, echoing a popular phrase that blames the president for the nationwide lack of calories.

The nutrition crisis is not on the scale of sub-Saharan Africa or North Korea. On the street, people do not look evidently malnourished and there are many roadside food hawkers for those who can pay. Imports from Brazil and Colombia have also eased some of the pressure. Yet the situation is moving in an alarming direction.

The median weight loss in Venezuela over the past five months is between 5kg and 15 kg, according to the Bengoa Foundation for Food and Nutrition, which estimates that 25% of children are malnourished.

We have enough data to show that we are between a crisis and situations of emergency, said Pablo Hernandez, a Bengoa representative and professor of nutrition at the Central University of Venezuela. Thanks to the lack of medicine and food and the increase of violence, this young generation will die younger than their parents.

The government admits there is a problem, but claims opposition advocates in academia and the NGO sector exaggerate the numbers to stir up social unrest. The lack of official statistics, however, promptings many to assume the worst.

Caracas the worlds most murderous city

The final stretching of the journey followed the Caribbean coast and then cut inland near Rio Chico, where a long line of thwarted shoppers had formed outside the Abastos Mario E supermarket. A handwritten sign videotapeed to the door said the first 50 people in the queue would receive priority for any furnishes that arrive the next day.

Latecomers would get a lottery number for a draw to decide who gets the leftovers. Its very difficult, sighed one girl, who had been waiting for several hours. Very complicated and very hard.

Waiting in line is no longer only a way of life, it has become a profession. The middle class pay people to queue on their behalf. Black-marketeers known as bachaqueros line up wherever there are subsidised products, buy what they can, and then sell it illegally at 10 to 30 days the cost they paid. This is supposed to be illegal, but it is one of the few growth industries left in the country.

People queue outside a supermarket in Caracas. Photograph: Federico Parra/ AFP/ Getty Images

According to the research company Datanalysis, half of those in any devoted line are working in this shady arbitrage business. Some are physicians or teachers, who can attain more from lining up and selling on than the few pennies an hour they are paid in the public system

The queues have added to the social tension in the worlds most murderous city, where residents are more than 100 times more likely to die a violent death than in London, and 25 times more likely than in New York. Crime has worsened in line with the economy. September was the capitals most violent month in six years with 474 killings, according to the National Forensic Medicine Service.

Looting and food riots have become cliche. According to the Venezuela Conflict Observator, there were 139 food-related protests in the country in August.

All of which has helped gasoline political instability. Last month, a million people took to the streets of Caracas to demand the recollect of the government, and the other big rally has been called for this Wednesday.

Although the opposition is weak and divided, Maduro is on the ropes. His approval ratings have plunged to 15% and his PSUV party has lost control of the legislature. Meanwhile the army a powerful political force-out throughout Venezuelas history is growing increasingly influential. In July, General Padrino Lpez was placed in charge of food production and distribution. As chief of the great mission of sovereign furnish, all other pastors must answer to him.

A militarisation of food supply would be consistent with the governments insistence that Venezuela is the victim of an economic war waged by Colombian gangs, multinational corporations and financial institutions, who hoard goods, manipulate currency rates and smuggle contraband petroleum across the border.

Certainly, corruption both in the government and the private sector has played a major part in the crisis. But whatever forces-out are egging on the downfall of Maduro, they are unlikely to have caused as much chaos as the governments maverick policies: Venezuela was moving towards recession even before the oil price crash.

Damningly, many economists believe poverty levels in Venezuela are now higher than they were when Chvez won power 18 years ago.

The government would dispute this, but in Caracas it is easy to see who is suffering the consequences. For the wealthy, it is still possible to buy champagne, Belgian chocolates and US pharmaceuticals. The poor, meanwhile, “re going to have to” spend more hours in lines waiting for rice, sanitary towels and antibiotics.

The Chavistas had good intentions. At first, they helped the poor more than any government had ever done before said the taxi driver Lopez. The problem is, good intentions are not enough.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Cisco-AppDynamics $3.7 billion deal all about the data

When Cisco bought AppDynamics last night for $3.7 billion, it was initially a little bit of a shocker, partly because of the timing, just days before the startup was scheduled to IPO. While the acquisition was clearly part of a longer term strategy by Cisco to change focus from its hardware enterprises to one based more on cloud software, at its core, the deal was a pure data play.

Data has taken centre stage in todays enterprise. Its become clich to say that data is the new oil, but like all clichs, its developed because there is a ring of truth to it. As companies change to artificial intelligence and machine learning, these are technologies that live and die by copious quantities of quality data.

Why did Microsoft pay $ 26 billion for LinkedIn? Why was Salesforce willing to go the mat for a chance to buy Twitter last year, before it fell through? Its all about the data and Cisco spent $3.7 billion of its rich for AppDynamics yesterday for the same reason.

What AppDynamics gives Cisco is a tool for monitoring the performance of applications, irrespective the application delivery platform. The idea is to find issues and deal with them before they become a big problemfor end users. The worst case is a full outage, but there are countless other issues that can cause slow-downs and other headaches, as everyuseris keenly aware. As it monitors these applications, AppDynamics is collecting tons of data about the applications, the connections to other systems, the devices being used to connect to the application and so forth. All of this data is a natural byproduct of the monitoring process and could have great value when combined with other network information.

AppDynamics Unified Monitoring Dashboard. Photo: AppDynamics

In a blog post announcing the deal, Ciscos VP of corporate business development, Rob Salvagno quoth the AppDynamics data as a big reason for the buy. As companies across industries are expanding their digital infrastructure, IT departments to cope with vast amounts of complex, siloed data. AppDynamics helps many of the worlds largest enterprises translate this data into business insights and empowers them to drive value for their clients in todays digital world, Salvagno wrote.

Ray Wang, founder and principal analyst at Constellation Research, says that it was critical for Cisco to find an M& A candidate that could manage the future of apps in-network, but he tells this deal is aboutmore than pure applications performance management.

The long term play is when you add this type of software onto the network, you gain network intelligence and more importantly a critical piece for IOT, as well as build a long-term neural network and machine learning narrative, he said.

The Jasper Technology buy dedicated them that IoT piece. AppDynamics givesthem a opinion of the applications running on top of that, and while all of that is useful in itself for the short term, Wang believes that this will ultimately be part of a more automated approach in the future, driven by the growing amounts of data and the intricacy inherent in managing all of that.

Companies ultimately dont want to be monitoring apps and the network in a manual manner, but to predict, prevent and deliver situational awareness, he said.

Speaking at a press and analyst event today, AppDynamics CEODavid Wadhwani recognise this was in fact the long-term vision for the platform. We are moving from systems of records to systems of participation and that is the short and mid word.[ Looking further out] we are movingto systems of intelligence when you rely on automation and machines to make decisions in real hour, and thats where they ultimately see it going, he said.

If hes right, you are able to look for more M& A from Cisco moving forward to acquire the artificial intelligence underpinnings its currently absence. The acquisition gives Cisco a place holder into this market and a better software narrative, Wang said, but its only a foundational piece , not the entire solution.

With Jasper and AppDynamics( and its own understanding of the underlying networking infrastructure ), Cisco has plenty of data. Now it needs to fill in some of the other pieces, and started to set that data to work in a more automated way. While its possible to do that now to some extent, the real power “re coming” ifthey add the missing artificial intelligence technologies.

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China tantalized by US election mayhem and prospect of ‘thug’ Trump as president

Experts say that Beijing would prefer Republican over Hillary Clinton who is considered a hardliner on human rights

His detractors concur that Donald Trump is more unpalatable nominee for the White House in the history of the United States.

But virtually 8,000 km away in Beijing, Chinas authoritarian rulers appear to think he might be just “the mens” for the job.

Veteran pekingologists suspect the Chinese leadership has been secretly rooting for a Trump victory, wagering his elevation to the Oval Office would strike a body blow to their greatest rival.

It was Mao Zedong who said: Without demolition there can be no construction. And, if I construe him correctly, Donald Trump is the suicide bomber of American politics, said Orville Schell, the head of the Centre on US-China Relations at New Yorks Asia Society.

He wants to just bring the whole home down and start over. And I think there is an element[ of that] that is quite tantalizing to China.

Schell noted how Chinas strongman chairwoman, Xi Jinping, had repeatedly declared himself a fan of Chairman Maos teaches.

And of course the key principle of Maos rule was da nao tian gong – stimulate disorder under heaven. I guess Trump has every promise of doing that in America.

Harvard Universitys Roderick MacFarquhar is another veteran China scholar who suspects the Communist party has been crossing its thumbs for a Trump triumph.

I think they would consider him as an enormous possibility, said MacFarquhar, a former Labour party MP, adding: I dont think theyd consider Hillary as any kind of opportunity at all.

Party newspapers have revelled in this years scandal-tainted race for the White House, spinning each sordid turn as proof of the perks of one-party rule.

The master of democracy should swallow its super confidence and arrogance, the Communist partys official mouthpiece, the Peoples Daily, smirked in a recent editorial.

Nick Bisley, an Asia expert from La Trobe University in Melbourne, said the ignominious election battle had handed Beijing an example of the United States debased political culture and further uncovered republic as a vulgar, deeply inefficient and chaotic sort of government.

If you are a propaganda officer in the bureau in Beijing crafting your anti-democratic messaging youve got a lot to work with.

MacFarquhar, the author of a seminal is currently working on Maos tumultuous 1966 -1 976 Cultural Revolution, said that while Beijing would now regard a Trump White House as unlikely, President Xi would have taken particular delight in watching the Republican candidate upend the political establishment in a way that was redolent of those 10 years of chaos.

There were parallels, he said, between Trumps attack on the system and the way in which Chairman Mao – to a far more devastating degree – had unleashed his Red Guards on the Communist party in 1966.

Saying that your foe should be jailed and, if he became chairwoman, she would be jailed, that really is American-style Cultural Revolution stuff, MacFarquhar said.

Even if he softly folds his tent and goes back to his reality television[ after the election ], he has thrown a bomb into the system and the Chinese cant but like that.

More than simply wallowing in the present mayhem, however, some scholars suspect there are those in Beijing actively hoping for a Trump victory on 8 November, even as the chances of that happening appear to fade.

Schell said he believed Chinas more-than-flirtations with Putin and embrace of the Philippines hardman chairwoman Rodrigo Duterte presented its rulers find the benefits of making a deal with a good thug, rather than with somebody constrained by principle.

And surely in Donald Trump we have the ne plus ultra of American thuggery.

I think they would feel that there were all sorts of opportunities with Trump, agreed MacFarquhar. Some of them might be more dangerous than others. He would be an uncertain commodity, like he is for the Americans But Hillary was a certain commodity – and not one they liked.

MacFarquhar said part of Beijings attraction to Trump was simply a question of its disfavor of Clinton and her is supportive of human rights and Barack Obamas pivot to Asia.

They guess she is a hardliner on China, which Im sure she is compared to Obama. So any rival to Hillary who might win would have been a blessing for them.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Inside the data center where Facebook develops and tests its apps

Facebook’s data center in Prineville, Oregon .
Image: Facebook

PRINEVILLE, Oregon Tucked deep in a Facebook data center, amid hundreds of humming server racks, virtually 2,000 smartphones are running some some version of a Facebook app.

Some are scrolling through the News Feed, Facebook’s notoriously algorithmic and somehow always-controversial stream of updates from its users. Other devices are launching Messenger, the spin-off messaging app Facebook made a requirement for users about two years ago. Some of the phones are rebooting. At least one is scrolling through Lady Gaga’s official Facebook page.

The telephones are part of Facebook’s Mobile Device Lab, a new system the company is using to test the performance of Facebook, Messenger, Instagram and the company’s other apps. The objective? To ensure updates and features Facebook is testing at its Melo Park headquarters won’t violate the app when they get pushed out to the company’s 1.6 billion users including ones using four-year-old devices half a world away.

In total, Prineville has about 60 racks, each containing 32 smartphones, mounted on boards behind layers of insulation. Most of the phones themselves are a at least a year old, and some are significantly older. Some represent cutting-edge smartphone tech from half a decade ago: the iPhone 4S, Samsung Galaxy Nexus and Nexus 5 are all there. In each rack, above the tangle of cables and telephones, sits a camera, recording every onscreen motion in case a developer needs to review specific hiccup.

Facebook’s Mobile Device Lab at its Prinveille, Oregon, data center.

Image: Facebook

“When a developer makes a change to one of the mobile applications, we take that change, we build the app with the change, and then we install it on one of the devices that are here and we run the app while collecting metrics, ” explains Facebook production engineer Antoine Reversat.

If the update negatively impacts a device’s memory utilization, battery life or the performance of the app, like slowing down News Feed scrolling, then it’s sent back to the developer for a fixing before the update can be pushed live.

The whole phase is to go fast, we have to get better quickly

The setup is an important one for Facebook, which is aggressively pursuing users in developing countries many of whom are using older devices and operating systems as it appears to get it next billion users online. At stake is much more than a few app crashes or bug reports. The elaborated testing setup helps Facebook push performance-enhancing updates faster, which could be the difference between whether or not a disappointed user deletes the Facebook app from their telephone after noticing it’s a battery hog.

“The whole phase is to go fast; we have to get better speedily, ” tells Ken Patchett, Facebook’s Director of Western Data Center Operations

Right now the Mobile Device Lab is merely looking at how updates affect each app’s performance while on Wi-Fi networks. But this eventually could grow to include how they perform while on reduced network velocities an issue that is particularly important to the company as it seems to grow its presence un developing markets.

“That’s kind of the next step, ” Reversat says.

Facebook’s Mobile Device Lab at its Prineville, Oregon, data center. Each rack has 32 telephones in it.

Image: Mashable/ Karissa bell

Besides device testing, Facebook’s sprawling Prineville facility is also home to one of the social network’s biggest artificial intelligence projects: the hardware Facebook has designed specifically for machine learning, also known as Big Sur.

At first glance, Big Sur doesn’t seem much different than what’s inside other racks in the data center. But inside are eight powerful graphical processing divisions( GPUs) that allow Facebook to train its artificial intelligence at previously unprecedented speeds.

Big Sur is used to train neural networks a type of AI that learns from data much the same way as the human brain does. Previously, the development of a single neural network could take weeks or even months, depending on the hardware setup. With Big Sur, Facebook has cut that time down to less than a day.

Facebook’s Big Sur at its Prineville data center.

Image: Facebook

If you’re a Facebook user, opportunities are you are already experiencing the benefits of this. Big Sur helps power the social network’s real-time translationsand photo-recognition abilities where Facebook actually describes what’s in a photo instead of relying exclusively on tagging and user-written captions, which are often notoriously unspecific. Visually impaired users experience this through the app’s ability to recognize photos and read what’s in their own homes.

In the future, Big Sur could be used for even more ambitious AI projects. The field is increasingly moving toward something called unsupervised learning a type of AI that’s able to learn from data on its own which could have even bigger implications for how Facebook use artificial intelligence in its products.

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This Is Why It’s Important To Consider Your Western Footprint

It is safe to say that I dont sleep much. Not in America , not in Uganda. I stay up brainstorming, preparing materials, and trying to cross things off my never-ending to-do listing. I lie awake in bed listening to the drunkards stumble through my compound, the 16 -wheelers crash over the speed bump next to my window, and the deafening speakers from one shop compete against their neighbors. And when those noises become my nightly lullabies and I consider drifting off to sleep, I dont. New thoughts emerge, increasingly each minute that I am here, which can easily be summarized in five words.

I imagine every Peace Corps Volunteer, international aid employee, long-term traveller, and human asks themselves this question once or twice in their life. This question isnt new and it surely is not new to me. It stems from books, articles, surveys, and research that I have read. From presentations fellow PCVs have given, Ted talks, and debates I have had. From news tales I consider, people I interact with here, and most of all, from observation. And while this may seem like an anxiety producing, self-doubting suppose, its not. Its actually quite the opposite and builds me constantly question how my small-scale work can improve and has become a productive as is practicable. Other times I delve deeper into my thoughts.

I digress.

Within my lifetime social enterprises and the One for One campaigns have skyrocketed. And I am not saying that I think helping other people in the world is bad. I mean look at me, I am a Peace Corps Volunteer. What I am saying is that we, myself included, tend to focus solely on the one-sidedness of many of these initiatives. The simple, easy-to-understand, and easily marketable for the American public, 1:1 side. This is understandable for both businesses and customers because why would I ever marketplace a negative impact of my busines product or service, if any, and why would I ever think that a smiling kid holding a brand new soccer ball could ever be bad?

Naturally, we tend to only focus on the positive social impact of these organizations, initiatives, and goods due to the media, chosen testimonies, our morals, and our preconceived notions of what Africa is and requires. We buy the rice sack purse to feed that starving infant. We purchase that $60 pair of shoes so a barefoot little boy can receive a pair of shoes in exchange. We buy that water bottle so a village can get a water filtration system. I say we because I did the same exact thing for years, even as I travelled the world teach and volunteering while never stopping to genuinely think about what I was doing or how it could be better. The fact that #thisisafrica, #thirdworldproblems, or a popular meme picture of a black son in incredulity and a tag line of so youre telling me is the extent of our exposure and knowledge of this continent is certainly only helping to form these fallacies. The last two years in Uganda has allowed me to see another side of the tale. A side that needs a lot more discussion and improvement( in nice words) and in other words, a negative side. I detest to place what I am saying into a ying and yang generalization because its not just positive and negative but for its main purpose right now, hear me out.

The negative side. I wouldve never considered anything to be negative about devoting a child a pair of shoes, devoting a village a borehole, playing in an orphanage for two weeks, or sponsoring a student via a church organization years ago. Since living here I have observed that as Westerners, we tend to identify what we see as a number of problems then find a simple solution.

Oh, kids dont have shoes.

Yes, there are a number of health fears with people not covering the soles of their feet.

Lets give them shoes.

Now, here are the problems with that quick fix 😛 TAGEND

First, where is the educational aspect of why wearing shoes is important for children. My pupils dont wear their shoes because they dont wishes to, the shoes violate and cant be fixed, theyre impractical to play football in, etc. Culturally, wearing shoes is not required, so to say, as much as it is in America. Are these fabric, thin flats going to withstand the first huge cyclone of rainy season and what will your organization do to repair/ replace them. Or before you devote that household a water filtration system, attorney them on why this is a health benefit: typhoid, worms, giardiasis, washing hands, washing fruits and veggies, etc. Because I will tell you that when the WHY isnt addressed, very little is effective. That filtration bucket will enable it to wash clothes in and those shoes will only be worn to church for an hour every week.

Secondly, where is the transparency about the fact that your pair of shoes expensed $60 yet the pair the child is getting is certainly no more than $2. Has anyone ever broken down what the other $58 is going toward? I am using shoes as my example but think about any social enterprise you know of. It would be great for the Western world and all those 15 year old Kelsey-minded people out there to see that there are other expenses in these grand endeavors. Most customers cannot or do not consider the differences in the cost of living in rural Africa or that it is much lower than it is in America. Therefore, one $60 pair of shoes could buy over 100 pairs of shoes in my community. More importantly, we hear charitable and forget that there are other costs involved. People need salaries both near and far, shipping, customs, tools, medication, taxes, etcetera etcetera etcetera. And even about the fact that yes, everyone will tell you that your business needs to stop squander time and money in other parts of the world because, America needs it too/ more, but looking at real numbers can prove that$ 1 in West Nile, Uganda can do an incredible sum more than$ 1 can do in the states.

Thirdly, across the board from the organizations I have seen here , no matter how great that program is, there is little to no follow-up with the individuals affected. You devoted a kid a pair of shoes a year ago but have you or a village health employee in the community checked to see if maybe theyre breaches or outgrown or if he is even wearing them? Did that borehole you construct violate, dry-up, or get spoiled again because it was built to close to a pit latrine? Did Sally have her mosquito net hung and has she repaired it since?

And to constructed off that- fourthly, do you plan to partner with the community to do this project? Have you asked them their advice on how best to solve this health problem? Is there a number of problems that they identify as far more important right now that this purchase of shoes profit could also be going to? Who is going to do the in-the-field follow-up with the recipients? Is this sustainable?

Fifthly, did you ever stop to consider your long-term impact on this community? And by your I dont only mean you as an individual or as a company. I mean you as Westerners, foreigners, or white people because you are now a representative of us and those who follow you in the working day, months, and years. On a very personal note, I can tell you right now that I have combated the missionary influence of the region I live in since the first day I stepped into Uganda. When the war ended in Northern Uganda years ago, missionaries from the West arrived. I have no problem with instilling hope for a better life in people. What I do have a problem with is handouts. Handing out candy, money, and clothes to people so they will believe in something. Adults in my community tell me thats all theyve ever known a foreigner to be: a missionary who will give them things. Each and every day people young and old stick out there hands asking for money and I explain that I dont have any but I do have knowledge to share. They respond with very discouraging statements about me lying , not being good enough, or being no intent to the community because I wont give money like the others. And then I hear about how some Westerners post-war discouraged condoms and encouraged that a womans purpose is to serve her husband; I look around and see how much this has impacted my community and the culture at-large and I get it. I consider the HIV/ AIDS rates, the overpopulation due to lack of birth control and family planning, and the gender inequity. For all intents and purposes right now I understand I am only mentioning the extreme negatives, but what I find myself thinking about more is that not one of those people came over here( and continue to come) with any ill-will in their hearts and minds. Nor did I. We say we want to help, we try, and we even witness the positive short-term changes. The smiles, the hope, and the fix. We cant consider our long-term and unintended effects, both positive and negative. This is what maintains me awake at night.

What is my Western Footprint?

I recognize I cannot change the way everyone in this world works and thinks. What I can do is be aware of my work. Which brings me to my recent project with Diff Eyewear this year. This somehow young company started as some mid-twenty dudes who got together to help the world while doing something “they il be” passionate about. At first I tested the waters with this discussion “youre reading” here but Ive been blown away by the heart, mind, and soul of this company as a whole. They are so receptive to feedback, ideas, and considerations from this corner of the world. So, this most recent initiative of supporting eye exams, glasses, and eye therapy in Uganda is a seedling that I have been nurturing like a fragile, newborn chick since day one. This project has been slow to start but since I am the only person on the ground over here trying to figure out how to best do this, I am trying to cross my ts and dot my is before this seedling of a project branches out to more people, which of course is the ideal goal.

We are working with the community health workers, educators, parents, religious leaders, LC1s and local governments, and hospitals to train, train, and assess. We are individually counseling and working with every guardian or mother of a child to not only train them but to set-up personalized payment plans. Why? Because I refuse to encourage devoting handouts to every person. I refuse to enable anyone. This project is about empowerment and ownership.

Everything is evaluated by the team of the physicians and refractionists and when the next phase of this project comes in to play within the next month( getting glasses for the 11 Awindiri children ), each family will have invested something( money or volunteer time) into their pair. If person hands you a free apple, you might not care if you lose it, violate it, or if it goes bad. But if you have to invest your own time or money into getting that apple, youll be a little more careful with it. The same goes with nearly everything in life( countless research also demonstrates this if you dont believe me ). With this initiative between DIFF and myself, we are working hard to be conscious of our impact, construct everything a community-driven project, and allow everyone to be supported while they take ownership in their health.

I am not perfect. I have stimulated mistakes and will continue to. I set myself out here to learn and be critiqued and blamed. Such is life. In all frankly, I want people to criticize things that I say, guess, and feel because thats what this human exchange is all about. Im not trying to be perfect, write the rules, or paint the canvas. I simply want to open eyes, hearts, and a further conversation.

All-in-all, dont stop your work, start sending detest mail, or send back those shoes. Thats not what “its all for”. I just think that starting today we can all be more aware, myself included. Conscious of our altruism in the world, again, both near and far. Consider another side of a tale and if you dont know, ask. Life is all about sharing and learning. You might be surprised what this world has to offer us.

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Japanese AI writes sci-fi fiction, nearly wins literary award

In the same week that Microsoft’s teen Twitter bot, Tay, was transformed into a sexually voracious Hitler apologist by trolls who abused her machine learning algorithm, a Japanese artificial intelligence program wrote a short story that was considered for a literary award.

As the old programming adage runs: Garbage in, garbage out.

The AI-assisted novel, co-written by Hitoshi Matsubara and his squad at the Future University in Hakodate, was one of more than 1,400 contenders for this year’s Hoshi Shinichi Literary Award, Vice’s Motherboard reports. Eleven of them were written( or co-written) by computers.

Matsubara’s AI-assisted book, The Day a Computer Writes a Novel, ” isabout a computer that dreams of writing novels and eventually stops serving humen in order to pursue the creative life. If that seems a little on the nose, it’s because humen made the plot and characters, as well as some pre-written sentences and wordsbut let the computer do the rest.

I writhed with elation, which I experienced for the first time, and maintained writing with excitement, it wrote. Damn.

Was the story persuasively human? Kind of! It passed the first stage of the four-round rivalry, with one science fiction author praising its plot structure. The characters, though, were said to be underdeveloped.

Bots as art, and as reflections of our humanity, are some of the most interesting things happening on the Internet right now. Artificial intelligence isn’t quite humanit has yet to develop its own imagination, but it’s becoming a compelling medium for expressing ours.

Sometimes that entails writing a sci-fi fiction or producing new scripts for Friends, and sometimes it entails … whatever happened to Microsoft’s poor Tay bot.


At least for now, bots are only as good as the humans controlling them.

Photo via shutterhacks/ Flickr( CC BY 2.0) | Remix by Fernando Alfonso III

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These Photos Will Stimulate You Understand Detroit’s Education Crisis

Detroit has shut more than two-thirds of its public schools in the last 15 years, shortchanging students, neighborhoods and the district itself, observes a report released as educators protest conditions at the schools that remain open.

The Detroit Federation of Teachers union filed a lawsuit Thursday against Detroit Public Schools over “dangerous” and “deplorable” classroom environments that it says deprive students of a “minimally adequate education.”

A School District in Crisis, ” a report published last week by property mapping company Loveland Technology, dedicates a fuller picture of the district’s deterioration and the consequences for students.

The company surveyed the city’s schools and researched others that have been demolished since different districts was formed in the 1800 s.Just 93 school buildings are currently in operation, Loveland detected. Of the 195 builds shut since 2000, some have been demolished or repurposed, but more than a third stand vacant.

Loveland Technology
Jackson Elementary has been boarded up because this scene was taken.

Those 81 vacant schools are disintegrating. Flames have been set at a couple dozen; most are open to trespassers and copper thieves have started stripping metal from all but one, Loveland found.

“They make up some of the largest and most problematic blight properties in the city, ” John Grover, co-author of the Loveland report, told The Huffington Post.

Loveland Technology
Grant Elementary closed in 2007.

Apart from the toll they have on builds, the closures deeply impact surrounding communities.

When schools were constructed they were essentially the center of a neighborhood, ” Grover said. “The neighborhood grew around it and when the school left, it left a hole.”

That’s what happened to Mason Elementary. Fifth-grade teacher Emma Howland-Bolton remembers the positive atmosphere when she started working there in 2011 — children filled the hallways and their artwork lined the walls.

A few months later, they were informed at a meeting that the school would be closed, despite resistance from the community, due to declining enrollment.

“I stood up and talked about the narrative of an abandoned building and the message that that sends to children, what it’s like to walk by, ” Howland-Bolton said. “It was a thriving hub of the community, so it was particularly painful to go back and see it and realize that all of that had come to pass.”

Emma Howland-Bolton
Emma Howland-Bolton taught at Mason Elementary in Detroit before the building was closed in 2012. On the left, her fifth-grade classroom while she was teaching; on the right, the roomshowswear three years after the closure.

Howland-Bolton, who now teaches at another local school, returned to Mason for the first time in November.

“The doors are actually still nailed shut, but there were no windows, ” she said. “It’s wholly torn apart. There were actually children playing basketball in the totally dilapidated gym.”

The school has since been boarded up, Loveland surveyor and photographer Yvette van der Velde said, but the exterior still had openings the last period she was there.

Loveland Technology
The auditorium at Carstens Elementary, closed in 2011.

The entire district’s enrollment has shrunk dramatically, reflecting the city’s overall population loss. Enrollment has declined by about 85 percentage since its 1960 s peak, to simply 46,000 children. In recent years, many students who live in Detroit have left the public school system for suburban districts or one of the growing number of charter schools. State funding has gone with them.

While under-enrollment is often the reason to close a school, closures don’t help the issue — they may actually contribute to district loss. When local schools shuts, an average of 30 percentage of the displaced population students leave the district wholly, a Detroit Public Schools report from last year found.

“The impact that those closures have had in recent years has been devastating, and we’re just now starting to understand the repercussions, ” Grover said.

They also haven’t staved off financial crisis. The district has $3.5 billion in total debt, and officials alert they could run out of cash in a few months. They’re dealing with teacher famines while spending an unusually high quantity on persisting debt payments compared to classroom expenses, and paying executive wages that rank as some of the highest nationally, according to WXYZ.

Howland-Bolton ensures the school closures as a disinvestment in education, rather than a viable cost-cutting measure.

“Using money as an excuse to harm children is actually frustrating, ” she said.

With the district’s future in jeopardy, teachers are calling attention to conditions in their schools that in some cases aren’t much better than those in the crumbling vacant builds — mold, falling ceiling chunks, extreme temperatures, bullet holes, mushrooms growing indoors and cockroach infestations, to quote a few of the complaints. Since November, teachers have staged frequent “sickouts, ” where they intentionally stay home and school shuts.

Earlier this month, DPS Emergency Manager Darnell Earley accused the educators of “using students as pawns to advance a political stance, ” according to the Detroit Free Press. He took some of the educators to tribunal to force an aim to the sickouts, but was denied twice.

Teachers argue that systemic problems pose greater hazard to their students than missing a couple days of class and that they have depleted other options for get people to pay attention. Many households support the sickouts, and students at three high schools walked out of class last Monday to show solidarity with their teachers.

“We deserve books, we deserve fund, we deserve better education and we’re not get it, ” Jalon Nelson, senior class president at Communication and Media Arts High School, told Fox 2.

Bill Pugliano/ Getty Images
Kids hold signs during a protest at a hearing in Detroit over teacher sickouts that have regularly shut schools since November. Teachers have been calling attention to hazardous conditions in their school buildings as different districts faces staggering indebtedness.

DPS has been under state control since 2009, run by a succession of emergency directors appointed under a law that’s supposed to prevent financial crises but hasn’t significantly improved the school district’s finances. Critics say emergency directors, who have principally come into poor and black communities, put cost savings over residents’ long-term interests while stripping elected leaders’ powers.

Before Earley was appointed to DPS last year, he served as emergency manager in Flint, where he oversaw a disastrous plan that left the city with toxic, lead-filled water that has had severe effects on children’s health.

In its lawsuit, the educators union asks for Earley to be removed from power.

Meanwhile, some of the Detroit school district’s deep-seated problems are now being treated with urgency, thanks in part to the teacher protests.

Loveland Technology
The side entrance of Grant Elementary, which had not been secured when Loveland Technology visited the site.

Detroit Mayor Mike Duggan lately called for inspections of all schools; the first batch of the report of the working ordered violations be fixed in a month( one issue: “evidence of vermin infestation, including fecal matter and carcasses” ). At the state level, lawmakers are considering bills that would restructure different districts and address its looming insolvency.

“It’s going to take major intervention to fix the school district, ” Grover said. “But it’s worth it if it stops this gradual educational disintegrate that’s happening in the city.”

Loveland Technology
The former Cooper Elementary building before it was demolished in 2011.
Loveland Technology
Hutchins Intermediate’sgymnasium.
Loveland Technology
A hallway in Coolidge Elementary.
Kate Abbey-Lambertz covers sustainable cities, housing and inequality. Tips? Feedback? Send an email or follow her on Twitter .

Read more: www.huffingtonpost.com

Facebook will assist New York fight sex trafficking

Facebook is partnering with the New York attorney general’s office to help oppose human trafficking.

The social network will help the Attorney General Eric Schneiderman’s staff learn about and adopt existing technologies to identify and crack down on Internet sex trafficking, specifically online ads that appear across the Web, including on sites like Craigslist.

Schneiderman’s office said in a statement that Facebook will help with “pattern analysis of ad language, telephone number, images, and other data, as well as identification of missing children.”

The office won’t be using any proprietary Facebook technology , nor will it work on the Facebook platform itself. Instead, the company’s staff will help by creating algorithms that can identify keywords and images that point to evidence of human trafficking.

Facebook preserves a vast trove of facial data regarding user photos, as well as machine-learning technologies developed by some of the world’s resulting artificial-intelligence researchers. But the company isn’t employing those resources in this partnership.

“Facebook is not providing the Attorney General’s office access to its facial recognition software or conducting any facial recognition on its platform as part of this agreement, ” a Facebook spokesperson told the Daily Dot in an email. “Instead, Facebook will provide technical assistance to Schneiderman’s staffat their requestin adopting existing, commercially available technology, that may help find trafficking victims online.”

The sex trafficking partnership is the latest in the company’s collaboration with the New York us attorney general. It also works with the office to send out Amber Alerts through the Facebook News Feed to users in the area near the abduction site.

H/ T Fortune | Photo via Chris Isherwood/ Flickr( CC BY SA 2.0)

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