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BMW’s Bold Plan to Attain a Fully Self-Driving Car by 2021

BMW, a company that prides itself on building” the ultimate driving machine ,” plans to start creating fully autonomous vehicles by 2021 for ridesharing programs. Believe of it as Uber for people who don’t like people.

This is a surprising move, given that the company has said essentially nothing about technology that everyone from Google to General Motor to Tesla is racing to develop. And it marks a revolutionary deviation from the slow-and-steady approach of the mainstream automakers, who watch the technology rolling out slowly over the next two decades.

Still, ze Germans watch themselves surging ahead by relying upon help from Intel and Mobileye, an Israeli firm that predominates the market for the cameras that are key to active security featureslike collision warning and lane-keeping.The trio aims to standardize self-driving technology.” It is the only way to make this crucial next step a reality ,” Ziv Aviram, co-founder and CEO of Mobileye, said in a statement.

Friday’s announcement was long on promises and short on details. There’s no word on where BMW will deploy the cars, which ridesharing platform it will work with, or what role Intel plays in the partnership. And BMW is well behind the competitor, which is led by Google. The company’s fleet oftwo dozen or so fully autonomous vehicles logs 10,000 to 15,000 miles each week and has covered 1.3 million miles in all.

Still, BMW has a key partner–Mobileye and its comprehensive cartographic abilities. Mapping is the key to stimulating these cars work. A self-driving car with detailed mapscan dedicate far more computing power to identifying and addressing things likecyclists, pedestrians, and other automobiles, in real-time. That’s why TomTom still exists, and why BMW, Daimler, and Volkswagen chipped in to buy mapping company Here last year. These companies, and Google, map everything utilizing LIDAR-equipped cars to record everything from the high levels of traffic light to the exact locating of curbs to the centimeter.

Mobileye relies upon artificial intelligence. Its camera and systems use machine learning to process information about their surroundings and induce complex, virtually instantaneous driving decisions just like human drivers. The system is constantly learning and improving, and cameras are far cheaper than LIDAR–that spinning bucket thing on top of Google’s vehicles expenses about $80,000 right now.

BMW tells its autonomous car will debut in geo-fenced areas–thoroughly mapped siteswith defined bounds. That’s more than a security move. It allows the company to proceed in an uncertain regulatory environment while waiting for consumers to grow comfortable with the idea of robots doing the driving.Geo-fencing is a scalpel for engraving away the tricky areas ,” tells Edwin Olson, a researcher with the University of Michigan who works on Toyota’s autonomous efforts.

In other words, a controlled exam bed for the ultimate riding machine.

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A Breakdown Of All The Fuckboys Competing For Rachel’s Love On ‘The Bachelorette’

Buckle the fuck up, because you’re in for a real treat as we get to know the new cast of. Sure, producers have cast Rachel as the no-nonsense, looking-for-a-husband kind girl, but some of the clowns they picked out for her even make Pinocchio’s pervy older brother Nick Viall look like prince charming, and we all know how much I hate Nick Viall.

The hair gel and testosterone are palpable in this group of gents. But will we find a man who brings the drama and deli meat like The Chad? Will we assure another bromance form like that of Clint and JJ? Merely time will tell. In the iconic terms of Andre 3000, don’t have me break down this thing for nothin’.


A 27 -year-old real estate agent, Adam seems like every guy you’ve ever met in a college bar. Like, he’s cute if you’re drunk, but once he starts talking you’ll probably lose your lady boner. He said the best gift he’s ever received was a threesome for his birthday. Classy! His favorite movie is and if he’s not home on the lounge, he’s out at tacos with his friends. Is Adam the basic bitch version of a guy who masturbates route too much to the thought of that one time when he had a threesome? Oh, most definitely.


Alex has kind eyes, but you’ll think they’re serial killer eyes once you find out he once ate a live salamander whole. What kind of a distorted ass weirdo does that ?! For all we know, it wasn’t even a dare. He simply thought it appeared good and eat it out of a buddy’s fish tank. Alex is the guy you don’t leave alone at a party for fear he’ll dismember and torturing all of your pets. He also said his favorite artist is The Rock. And in case you’re like “Well maybe he meant Kid Rock, ” no. He specifically wrote “The Rock( Dwayne Johnson”. I’m pretty sure Alex is as dumb as a boulder and just really missed the point of that question.


Anthony looks like what happened if the cartoon Little Bill grew up and came to life. I’m not even playin’ with y’all. Google that shit and it’ll blow your mind. Anyway, I actually believe Anthony and Rachel might have a connect because he had a mindful answer to the question, “What is your favorite book”.( His reply was he most recent is , by Haruki Murakami. It’s like a dream I don’t want to wake up from, ” in case you were wondering .) Rachel is a lawyer so she likely likes volumes, right? I entail, he didn’t even pick something off a high school reading listing. I’ve never even heard of which Anthony could have just picked to sound smart while knowing no one else has read it so they can’t quiz him on it.

Blake E.

An aspiring drummer, Blake E .? Really? Like, you either can play the drums or you can’t. It’s not really something you aspire to. Blake brings up not once, but twice in this questionnaire that he was engaged before. Even though he claims the engagement only lasted 48 hours, I think Blake E. has some insane emotional baggage that will definitely come up after too many pre-rose rite cocktails. He also refers to the girl he got engaged to as “crazy” … yet he still tried to marry her. Who’s the crazy one really, Blake E? Minus points for looks a lot like a Robby from JoJo’s season knoc-off.

Blake K.

When I tried to click the link to get the bio for Blake K ., it simply rerouted me to Blake E.’s page. Is the universe trying to tell us who is the superior of the Blakes ?! Maybe. We know Blake K. is 29 and a Marine veteran. Like, it’s un-American to talk shit on a vet so we’ll just say four for you Blake K. You run Blake K. I wonder if the producers put Blake K. on here to avenge Luke’s memory. That’s how it works with army veterinarians, right?


With a name like Brady, he has to be a male model and also a fuckboy. As Shania Twain would say: So you’ve got the lookings, but have you got the touch? He says he’s 29 but he looks like he’s 19. Is this one of those things where a website says you have to be 18 to enter but you merely add 10 years to your own age and beat the system? I think Brady merely snuck on the depict to benefit his modeling career. Call us when you are able to grow pubes, Brady.


There are few things I detest more in life than a superfluous Y in the middle of a name that should patently be spelled a different way. Enter Bryan with a Y. He’s 37 and a chiropractor, so his age and his actual task title are pretty good signs he’s “here for the right reasons”. His favorite show is so we know he’s a guys guy and will probably be popular in the house because he’s not too weird and his basic-ness will be unthreatening to others. Keep your eyes out for Bryan with a Y.


Fuckin’ A, Bryce. You’re not supposed to give yourself away before episode 1 even airs. Let me simply ctrl-V Bryce’s dumbass response to a question for you right here: “If you could do/ have any chore in the world, what would it be and why? ” He wrote: “Professional Instagrammer? How cool would it be to travel the world going on adventures and helping people exclusively funded through pictures you post of living your dreaming life! ” Goddamnit. Go home, Bryce. Everyone knows thats why most people are here, you’re simply not supposed to say it. Thanks for putting that tear in the Matrix, you asshole.


Let me just tell you this right now, Dean is not here for a serious relationship. No 26 -year-old in their right mind wants to settle down right now. He also has a tattoo on his inner lipdoes that scream husband material to you? Of course it fucking doesn’t. He straight says he believes marriage is an institutionalized sham. Great start, bud. Also, his favorite memory as a kid is sitting on the roof of his mobile home while eating Oreos and watching a demolition derby. I can’t tell if he’s being serious or only describing a scene that was cut from.


I’m calling it right now, I suppose DeMario might have a good run on the demonstrate as long as he can keep his show-boating to a minimum. He doesn’t say anything in his bio that would stimulate you think he sleeps in his jeans or would eat a live animalI’m looking at you, Alex. He does drop some decent references, like to Justin and Britney’s matching denim attires and how Bey and Jay Z are an iconic couple. DeMario, you are able to be staying with us.


A personal trainer, Eric will be the first guy shirtless at every opportunity. If person even mentions the words “pool” or “hot tub” or even “water, ” Eric’s shirt magically disappears from his body. He says his favorite drink is “green drink”. WTF. Someone actually enjoys that shit? Eric is probs a psychopath and definitely on the road to being Chad’s second act. Probability of Eric observing his route on to after Rachel drops him: 100%.


Fred was Carlton’s stand-in on the. Ok, you got me. He wholly wasn’t, but let’s be real, he altogether looks like he could have been. This guy wears cardigans and is pretentious as shit. Oh your favorite artist is Jean-Michel Basquiat? You and every millennial/ rapper/ person who pays attention to pop culture. Fred is likely to be this season’s Olivia/ Kelsey Poe/ Taylor. If we learned anything from past seasons, it’s that being a pretentious asshole does not score you the final rose.


I was going to say Grant was weird seeming, but then I found out he’s a doctor and all is forgiven. Grant said his most embarrassing moment was having to shit into a soda bottle on the back of a bus when he got the runs in Peru.( I’m sorry for laughing at you that time you got diarrhea in Peru. And I’m sorry for telling everyone about it. And I’m sorry for recurring it now .) He also said he favorite publication is , so I guess we have known Grant is a time-traveler from somewhere they didn’t have the internet. Upgrade your porn game, human.


Iggy is 5’11” so as far as heights run, he’s borderline undateable. Let’s be real, Rachel belongs to the 6-foot and over club. Iggy says his three most effective and three worst qualities are the same things. WTF is that about? You legit couldn’t think of three different qualities? C’mon, man. You had to know the internet would roast you for all of your answers. Fun fact, one time Iggy got a boner before a work presentation and had to give it sitting down. Noice.

Jack Stone

Oh my deity, I’ve already had it with this guy. You don’t get two first names, especially when one of them is an inanimate object. What, the name “Dick Danger” was already taken? Get outta my is confronted with that shit, human. Apparently Mr. Jack Stone is a lawyer. I’m praying that he’s a creepy personal injury attorney and has an ad that runs on local TV stations. He also plead the fifth on the wildest thing he’s done in the bedroom, so my guess is it’s actually not that wild.


You’ve got a girl’s name, but I’d still hit it. I believe Jamey might be a little simple or maybe he’s merely a hard nut to crack, because his bio replies leave a lot to be desired. He does say he doesn’t have female friends. Can you not be friends with girls because they all end up wanting to sleep with you or are you just kind of a misogynist? Whatever, human. Oh shit, you’re merely 5’9″? #dealbreaker.


I think Jedidiah is one of those Amish people taking a breach from Amish life to find what American culture is all about. Wasn’t there a TLC show already about you? Jedidiah also happens to be an emergency room physician, but we know something must be seriously incorrect if physicians these days are having a hard time observing a wife.( Perhaps it’s because of his eyebrows ?) Jed seems well-traveled and doesn’t like to see kids in his emergency room. Dude, where are all these nice single doctors coming from? I’m not above faking an illness to meet one.


AHH. Jonathan is your friend’s weird older brother who you awkwardly go to prom with when he’s a senior and you’re a freshman because he’s significantly creeped out all the girls in his own class. That’s just my initial vibe. I could be wrong though. Wait , no. His occupation is “Tickle Monster” so I definitely hit the fingernail on the head with that first impression. Somewhere out there, Evan breathed a sigh of relief since he’s no longer the most creepy-sounding guy in history. What’s interesting about Jonathan, though, is that HE WAS MARRIED. Who knows what kind of creepy baggage this dude has. Also, how was this dude marriage and I can’t even get a text back ?? What is incorrect with the world?


Josiah is also an attorney who happens to have a Bible quote tattoo. I guess Rachel’s parents would really like this guy, but she’s entirely going to friend-zone him and say it’s since they are don’t have a connection i.e. she doesn’t want to set his penis in her mouth. Josiah’s worst date memory was when he was catfished on a date by a girl who showed up pregnant. Oh, are you, like, supposed to mention you’re knocked up with some other dude’s newborn while swiping for D on Tinder? News to me.

Kenneth/ Diggy

Is it Kenneth or is it Diggy? Either way, I can “dig” it! LOL. I crack myself up. Diggy sports Warby Parker glasses to his task where he’s a senior inventory analyst. Those words strung together don’t even entail anything, but I guess that seems like an actual occupation. Diggy once pretended to be asleep when his one night stand got a text saying her friend was missing so he didn’t have to help her look for him. That’s a power move, as well as completely barbarian. I entail, I’d be lying if I told I wouldn’t do that exact same thing.


Kenny says he’s a professional wrestler, but I’ve never seen him in an episode of, so I’m pretty sure he’s making that up. Kenny also has a daughter that he’s leaving at home so he can try to bang a lady on Tv whom 24 other dudes are also trying to bang. Father of the Year over here. Severely though, guys, I’m searching Google so hard for this guy’s wresting videos and not coming up with anything so it might be a hoax. That or he’s on page two of a Google search, which is basically social suicide.


Kyle doesn’t know what gluten is, but he presumes it’s bad and orders gluten free items off a menu if they’re offered. But if they’re not offered I guess he simply eat breadsticks and pasta, likely. Kyle’s ex was also into BDSM so he dabbled as dom. AKA he and his gf at the time went to and used to go and bought a vibrator that they used once, and there may have been some illumination spanking involved.


A singer-songwriter from Nashville, Lee calls his grandmother his “Mawmaw”. He also admires Matthew McConaughey, loves, likes dive bars and has a horseshoe tattoo on his arm. In suit you were wondering, yes, Lee is the most southern person to ever come from the south. In fact, he pisses sweet tea and sweats Cracker Barrel gravy. Will he be a good match for Rachel? Likely not, but you can bet your ass his EP will drop shortly after he leaves the demonstrate.


Lucas claims to be a “Whaboom”. What the literal fuck. I don’t even know what it means. No one knows what it entails but it’s provocatiwait , no it’s not. It’s just weird. Moving on from that bizarre piece of information that stimulates no sense to anyone, Lucas also doesn’t understand how being transgendered runs. He said he wants to have lunch with a dead Bruce Jenner and an alive Caitlyn Jenner. That doesn’t even make sense on any level. Someone needs to explain to Lucas that Bruce Jenner isn’t dead. The game was basically over for this guy before it started, wasn’t it?

Matthew/ Matt

As a construction sales rep, there isn’t a ton to make fun on in Matt’s bio. He’s sort of balding, but so are a lot of guys at 32 so we can’t wholly fault him for that. After he gets that Instagram money rolling in I’m sure he’ll be able to afford Bosley or whatever. Matt likes his parents and hopes to be a volunteer coach-and-four in the future. That’s sweet. His normalcy will probably work against him on this present. I don’t want to see two normal people falling in love. I want drama. I want drunken battles. I want freak-outs. I just don’t assure Matt being in the middle of any of that.


A former professional basketball player? OK man , no one cares how much you used to bench. Do you have a chore now or what? Wait, I guess looking for a career is probably why you’re on this show in the fist place. Silly me for believes in true love on Tv. Michael follows a paleo diet because nothing shriekings dateable like a guy with weird diet limiteds. That’s merely okay when I do it.


How are Milton and Kyle not the same person? Seriously. All these dudes are starting to look the same to me. Was the Henley Factory having a sale? Milton also demonstrates that no one is trying anymore, including and especially these display producers. To the question, “What do you hope to get out of participating in this television present? ” Milton says: “Real answer? Discovered. Everyone tells me I’m attained for TV/ movies. Doesn’t mean I’m out here hoping for that, but I would like to break into writing or acting.” I’m out. I’m done.


Did you mean Mo-hit that? I see you, cutie. Mohit tells the wildest thing he’s done in the bedroom involves tabasco and that’s so concerning to me in so many waysnone of which sound remotely pleasurable. You a freak, human. Mohit also says his favorite music is rap and country. Not gonna lie, I was not expecting that to be his reply, but who knows what to expect from a dude who most likely put Sriracha near his dong.


Peter says he’s a business owner. Then again, Corinne also said she was a business proprietor and that was just because her dad let her sit in his computer chair sometimes. Peter has vied in three Iron Person( Iron Men ?), so we know he’s got stamina. Wink wink. Homeboy was also almost engaged. He transgressed it off with his ex of two years. 110% opportunity she comes up in debate during some one-on-one time with Rachel.

Robert/ Rob

A 30 -year-old law student from Texas, Rob needs to get his shit together. If you’re 30 and still haven’t passed the Bar, WTF have you been doing? Is this secretly Craig from? Rob is a white dude that’s into Buddha, do I actually need to say more? Do we suppose his Tinder profile includes something about loving traveling and escapade? Oh, I’d put money on that.


Last alphabetically, but likely not least( compared to some of the other gems on this list ), Will is a sales manager from Miami. Speaking of Miami, Will is a fan of Will Smith. This Will can welcome me to Miami any day of the week, nahmean? Will says he’s a romantic, and when he find someone worthy, he’ll treat her like a princess. Worthy of what, Will? Your obsession? Also , not every girl likes the princess comparing. We all know it’s about being a kween these days.

Good god, Rachel. Good fucking luck with these goobers. For real.

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Unleash Deep Learning: Begin Visually with Caffe and DIGITS

Unleash Deep Learning: Begin Visually with Caffe and DIGITS === COURSE INFO ====================================== Learn the basics of Deep …

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Destiny Lore: Books of Sorrow, Fundament& Taox Pt. 1

Script Link: https :// www.reddit.com/ r/ DestinyTheGame/ statements/ 6fw7lm/ lore_books_of_sorrow_part_1_fundament_taox/ Lore Seeker Shirts, ect …

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MightyTV’s Tinder-style TV recommendation app comes to Android

MightyTV, an app that helps you figure out what to watch next, is now available on Android.

The startup is led by AdMeld co-founder Brian Adams, and it presents users with a stack of movie and Tv recommendations which you swipe through, Tinder-style. If youve insured something already, you can say whether or not you liked it, which will influence the recommendations you consider next. If you havent seen something and it seems appealing, you can save it to your watch list.

The app is also connected to streaming services like Netflix and HBO Go, and it can even recommend things that fit in the overlap between your taste and another users.

The Android app should look familiar to users of the MightyTV iPhone app, but Adams said it comes with a few extra bells and whistles, most notably a word cloud that the company calls your MQ, showingusers their favorite genres and actors, based on their swiping data.

Adams also told him that the company has rebuilt the machine learning technology that it uses to try to understand the savor of individual users he described it as a hybrid approach that combines genre-based strategiesfor recommending movies( e.g ., if you liked that war movie, you might like this one, too) with collaborative filtering based on user ratings.

We tend to get[ good recommendations] faster now, he said. We can measure this, and were as good at 50 swipes as we were at 200 when we launched.

MightyTV isnt releasing the total number of users who have downloaded the app since it launched in April, but it sounds like those users are doing a healthy quantity of swiping Adams said 350 is the average number of swipes in the first week.( And keep in mind that recommendations are the point of the app, while swiping is just the way to get there .)

MightyTV recently raised an additional$ 2 million, bringing its total funding to $4.25 million.

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Finger on the button: should Trump’s atomic weapon access be restricted?

US congressmen are proposing a bill to limit President Trumps access to nuclear weapon. As chaotic as he may be, is this fair or rational?

As humans, we all construct irrational decisions throughout the course of our lives, which have the potential for long-term repercussions. We might drink too much or smoke. Perhaps, if we are millennials, we go for brunch instead of saving for a home. However, most of us do not have adequate power for the results of our irrationality to have wide-reaching impacts. Perhaps one of the hardest choices that the leader of a nuclear state can build is that of starting a nuclear war.

Donald Trump wrote in his volume The Art of the Deal that a little hyperbole never hurt, a mantra he has hired adeptly throughout his short and explosive political career. From suggesting that Obama and Hillary founded Isis, to insisting that he has big hand, Trump repeatedly constructs irrational and unsubstantiated statements on his mission to Make America Great Again. However, few would accuse him of irrationality when he acknowledged last week that receiving the nuclear codes was very, very, very scary. Few might disagree. With his access to the nuclear button and the US arsenal of 975 nuclear warheads, small hands could one day cause big problems.

Trumps feelings of unease are shared by The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, who announced on 26 January that the Doomsday Clock had been moved 30 seconds closer to midnight as a result of Trumps election. They accused the President of inducing disturbing remarks about the use and proliferation of nuclear weapons, which hes even done via Twitter. According to these nuclear experts, who include 15 Nobel laureates, this is the closest that we have come to oblivion in 64 years.

But it is not just experts who dread Trumps control of Americas nuclear strike capability. In recognition of the great risk and responsibility of individual control of international nuclear defense policy, two Democratic congressmen have performed policy interventions by proposing a new bill that would make it harder for Trump to use nuclear weapons. The purpose of this legislation known as the Restricting First Use of Nuclear Weapons Act, 2017, is to prohibit the conduct of a first-use nuclear ten-strike, without a statement of war by Congress. It is notably the first time in history that Congress has attempted to prevent their own chairwoman from having the final word on American nuclear defense issues. Whilst the bill is unlikely to pass, due to his large Republican majority, its existence castings doubt on the Chairpeople ability to handle this onerous responsibility. His skills in international diplomacy and his understanding of nuclear defense policy have recently been subject to close scrutiny. Here, we are consider the alternative truth of the matter, as prescribed by his presidential media guidelines.

Should it be successful, will this seminal piece of legislation relieve the burden of individual decision making, or create chaos? Should any President have complete control of first ten-strike nuclear action? We need to contemplate the rationality of this level of individual power, and whether any of us are actually capable of making sensible decisions at all.

The psychological determinants of presidential decision-making had already been been nuanced and complex, rooted in the individuals experience and an understanding of society, nuclear policy, geopolitics and history. President Donald Trump seems brash and irrational in comparison. Lets explore how different factions of the social sciences define rationality, to discover if Trump or the new act is rational.

Trump, warming up his special button-pressing thumb, just in case. Photo: Nicholas Kamm/ AFP/ Getty Images

On a Quest for Trumps Rationality

So, is Donald Trump irrational enough to explosion the nukes in the blink of an eye? What do we entail by questioning his rationality anyway? Well, it depends upon your disciplinary allegiance. There are lots of arousing and irrational debates within economics, sociology and psychology on this topic, which can often lead to exhilarating interdepartmental punch-ups( this is an alternative fact ). So, what do we think about preserving sole presidential command of the USAs nuclear discouraging?

If we consider economic rationality though rational choice hypothesi, then the potential for nuclear destruction due to one individuals awful judgement becomes a astonishingly reasonable alternative. Within economics, the meaning of the term rational is somewhat different to our more usual sociological and day-to-day experience of the word. It is goal-oriented, evaluative, narrower and meaner. Its founded in individualism and logic. There is no room for random, impulsive, conditioned or learned behaviours within economic rationality. Actually, if the legislation is not passed and Trump nukes us all to achieve world domination and create a blank slate for his newest Trump Tower – then this would be an excellent example of instrumental rationality. This is where an individual attempts a goal, and accommodates their actions to achieve it without inevitably reflecting upon the worthiness of that objective. It is measured by the instead formidable-sounding axioms of option.

If we question Trumps rationality from a criminological perspective then we get a different outcome. Again, criminologists might consider the President to be a rational actor, however his conform or deviant behaviour would be chosen through a cost benefit analysis of pleasure versus pain. This hedonistic calculus is directed toward the maximisation of individual pleasure, and is controlled by the perception of the swiftness, severity and certainty of potential pain that will follow an act that is judged to be in violation of the social contract. Perhaps, from a criminological perspective letting Donny his nuclear football and cookie isnt such a dreadful notion, as long as he was aware of the legal consequences.

For psychologists and cognitive scientists, humen are often considered rational in principle , yet fail to be in practice. There is an acceptance within this academic community that we do not always update our faiths in a logical way, or make decisions that align with our goals. This irrationality affects what we believe and do, it leaves us hampered by shortcomings like fury, anxiety and confirmation bias, but is also what attains us human. Essentially, our capacity to behave in a logical and rational manner is extremely limited, and we are all to some degree irrational agents . Perhaps this is a good reason why no one individual, presidential or otherwise, should have exclusive control over anything that has the power to affect millions of people.

Consider how many accepted behaviours actually seem ludicrous when you think about it for just a moment. Photograph: schulzhattingen/ Getty Images

We are all irrational

So, whilst traditional economists may consider Trumps recent behaviour to be entirely rational, different experts in criminology and sociology might take a more hard-line view of his risk to nuclear defence policy. Perhaps this tells us more about the schisms within the different disciplines of social and human sciences, than about Donald Trumps presidency?

But who needs experts, anyway? From Michael Gove announced today that weve had enough of experts during the Brexit campaign, to Trumps love of the poorly educated, and his squads attempts to normalise the Orwellian notion of alternative facts; populist politics has dismissed the importance of expertise. I like to think that I haveinstinct wrote Trump inThe Art of the Deal , Thats why I dont hire a lot of number-crunchers, and I dont trust fancy marketing surveys. I do my own surveys and draw my own conclusions. Whether the President will let expertise trump intuition on nuclear issues, remains to be seen. We can only wait with bated breath to detect how he decides to use his powers of irrational agency.

Dr Becky Alexis-Martin is based at the University of Southampton, Dr Thom Davies is based at the University of Warwick .

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